Ups Data Center Redundant PowerPoint PPT Presentations. The Tiers are compared in the table bel… * Per the TIA-942 standard, both the MDA and HDA require separate racks for fiber, UTP and coax cable Zone Distribution Area (ZDA) Optional ZDA acts as a consolidation point within the horizontal cabling run between the HDA and EDA. The CBN is connected to the exterior grounding electrode system. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Signal Ref. We will highlight the major differences between a traditional data center and an edge data center. The three major data center design and infrastructure standards developed for the industry include: Uptime Institute's Tier Standard This standard develops a performance-based methodology for the data center during the design, construction, and commissioning phases to determine the resiliency of the facility with respect to four Tiers or levels of redundancy/reliability. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Sri Chalasani (Plante & Moran) is available to provide consulting on data center and infrastructure solutions. Large organizations that are required to manage a large number of branches such as banks, communication / Internet service providers, oil business or electric generating … Advantages of a ZDA Reduces pathway congestion Limits data center disruption from the MDA and eases implementation of MACs Enables a modular solution for a “pay-as-you-grow” approach Simple to deploy and/or redeploy if needed typically does not contain active electronics, but with Top of Rack topologies, I think it would qualify as a ZDA. While the data center tiers system is a widely-recognized way to determine a data center facility’s uptime and reliability, because of instances of design discrepancies and lack of ongoing maintenance in data centers, colocation customers should look for more data center certification standards than just the tier certification.. We hope this quick insight into data center … Policies and Standards. As stated earlier, some of this may not be any ‘earth shattering’ information, but this standard functions as a collection point for a lot of the common sense type of activities related to the data center. Floor Loading: Lbf / Sq ft: A pound-foot is a unit of torque (a vector). businessdictionary.com: Computer facility designed for continuous use by several users, and well equipped with hardware, software, peripherals, power conditioning and backup, communication equipment, security systems, etc. Consistent application of standards is necessary to have an integrated solution for a specific data center. Backbone Cabling: Provides connections between telecommunications closets, equipment rooms, and entrance facilities. Includes cabling from MDA to ER, HDA, TR; Optional cabling between HDAs allowed Consists of the transmission media (optical fiber cable), Further be classified as interbuilding backbone (cabling between buildings), or intrabuilding backbone (cabling within a building). Tier II : composed of a single path for power and cooling distribution, with redundant components, providing 99.741% availability Tier III : composed of multiple active power and cooling distribution paths, but only one path active, has redundant components, and is concurrently maintainable, providing 99.982% availability Tier IV : composed of multiple active power and cooling distribution paths, has redundant components, and is fault tolerant, providing 99.995% availability. A data center is a physical facility that enterprises use to house their business-critical applications and information. Electronic equipment is affected when there is a potential difference between devices. Not difficult to understand – but implementation can be fairly complex, 1. One pound-foot is the torque created by one pound force acting at a perpendicular distance of one foot from a pivot point. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. * Recommend UPS equipment outside of the main data center – 13 – 18% of heat generated from UPS, Higher equipment failures at top of the rack In the EDA, racks and cabinets should be arranged in a hot aisle/cold aisle configuration to encourage airflow and reduce heat, Unstructured Cabling or ad-hoc cabling : Installing cabling when you need it – primarily serves as a single use cable Structured Cabling : an organized reusable and flexible cabling system Very large emphasis on Cabling in the document Multidisciplinary Design Considerations in cabling Horizontal cabling Backbone cabling Cross-connect in the entrance room or main distribution area Main cross-connect (MC) in the main distribution area Horizontal cross-connect (HC) in the telecommunications room, horizontal distribution area or main distribution area Zone outlet or consolidation point in the zone distribution area; and Outlet in the equipment distribution area. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Provides more details that the other two. TIA-942: Data Center Standards (& best practices) Sri Chalasani Merit 2010 Conference May 25, 2010. data centers provide connectivity, application services and support to hundreds (or thousands) of workers within a building, campus or remote company facility. Data Center Design Christopher Geyer A Data Center Highly secure, fault-resistant facilities housing equipment that connect to telecommunications networks. * If you get a chance to go through this document, you notice that it is fairly simple and applies a lot of common sense; probably, at the end of this review you will say.. Hmmm I know that – the TIA puts structure to random common sense. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Outages can be expensive in both financial and reputational terms. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The modern data center is an exciting place, and it looks nothing like the data center of only 10 years past. Determine CFM – movement of air Effective cooling is accomplished by providing both the proper temperature and an adequate quantity of air to the load General problems – improper positioning of equipment heat exhaust being the intake for another equipment, solid doors on cabinets, Be aware of equipment airflow – some use side to side, most use front to back Blank Unused Rack Positions * Large data center would require Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) Modeling • It takes about 160cfm for 1kW of heat or 2500 cfm for 18kW of heat • An average perforated floor tile will disperse 250-300 cfm •“ Equipment on the upper 2/3 of the rack fail twice as often as equipment on the bottom 1/3 of the rack”, Because of the significant risk of electrical fires in a data center, installing a comprehensive fire detection and suppression system is mission-critical for protecting life and property, as well as ensuring quick operational recovery Fire Suppression: Halon 1301 (no longer recommended or in production), 8 primary criteria MEP: Mechanical , Electrical, and Plumbing What is initial watts / square foot What is ultimate watts / square foot, Not All Data Centers Have to be Tier-4 Choosing an optimal criticality is a balance between a business’s cost of downtime and a data center’s total cost of ownership Choices may be limited depending on whether a new data center is being built, or changes are being made to an existing one Existing data center projects (i.e. Review of TIA-942 data standards and some of the best practices surrounding a data center. When it comes to addressing physical security needs for a data center, protection against fire is one of the major aspects that needs to be covered. Due to the … Accessibility for the delivery of large equipment to the equipment room should be provided EMI: Sources: electronics devices that transmit data over a medium EMI can couple itself onto data lines and corrupt data packets being transmitted on that medium. Data centers have to stay up and running. retrofit), choosing a criticality is limited to the constraints of the existing structure Identify the major constraints to see if they can be addressed or acceptable risk to the business. Some A-B cording strategies call for both circuits to be on UPS while others call for one power supply to be on house power while the other is on UPS. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3b1447-OTc3N The four tiers, as classified by The Uptime Institute include the following: Tier 1 : composed of a single path for power and cooling distribution, without redundant components, providing 99.671% availability. The Uptime Institute Established in 1995 Not a standards body Widely referenced in the data center construction industry Uptime’s method includes four tiers; Provides a high level guideline but does not provide specific design details for each Tier. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Objective of standard: Provide requirements & guidelines for the design & installation of a data center or computer room. Data center security auditing standards continue to evolve. Data centers need to be organized to prevent such problems or at least to detect them at the earliest possible moment, including: 1. Data Center Cabling Electrical Cooling Tier System, According to TIA-942, a data center should include the following key functional areas: • One or more Entrance Rooms • Main Distribution Area (MDA) • One or more Horizontal Distribution Areas (HDA) • Equipment Distribution Area (EDA) • An optional Zone Distribution Area (ZDA) • Backbone and Horizontal Cabling, Entrance Room Analogy: “Entrance Facility” Main Distribution Area (MDA) Analogy: “Equipment Room” Horizontal Distribution Area (HDA) Analogy: “Telecom Room” Zone Distribution Area (ZDA) Analogy: “Consolidation Point” Equipment Distribution Area (EDA) Analogy: “Work Area” Entrance Room (ER) : Location of interface with campus and carrier entrance facilities Location for access provider equipment, demarcation points and interface with other campus locations. Capacity (space, cooling, electrical, network connectivity etc.) Can use nameplate specifications @ approximately 60 – 75% Multiple physically separate connections to public power grid substations Intelligent PDUs are able to provide management systems information about power consumption at the rack or even device level; provide remote power cycling Dual A-B cording: In-rack PDUs should make multiple circuits available so that redundant power supplies (designated A and B) for devices can be corded to separate circuits. Creates high reliability standards. Data Center Communications Data centers are noisy due to fans, disk drives, and the AC. The installation of an SRG is not harmful, other than the associated cost and delay. The TIA-942, provides specific details at every tier level and across a wide range of elements including telecom, architectural, electrical, mechanical, monitoring, and operations. The vast majority of existing data centers designs do not correctly address the above factors and suffer from unexpected capacity limitations, inadequate redundancy, and poor efficiency. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. For example, the TIA-942 specifies that a tier 2 data center should have two access provider entrance pathways that are at least 20 m (66 ft) apart. Having a specific tier ranking does help legitimize its services, but it is not strictly required. Data Center Operations Specialist® 3-Day Certification Course This course targets Data Center Mangers, Data Center Planners and Data Center Strategists that are responsible for overseeing, maintaining, managing & planning of Data Center capacities, efficiencies, availabilities and operations on for its intended purposes … * If you get a chance to go through this document, you notice that it is fairly simple and applies a lot of common sense; probably, at the end of this review you will say.. * Wikipedia.org: A data center or datacenter is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards 2. • Introduction to Data Centre • Standards and Certification • Topology Standard : EPI and UTI • Topology Standard : Best Practice • Engine Generator Rating : UTI • Hybrid Topology : EPI and UTI • Safety, Security and Fire Suppression • Data … Data center standards exist to evaluate the quality and reliability of a data center’s server hosting ability. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The first attempt of providing some level of standardization was to provide a tier system – a system that specifies the availability and reliability of a data center, Q What is the difference between Uptime and TIA-942? Horizontal cabling: Simply put – patch panel to wall outlet; Connect between a horizontal cross connect to the outlet in the EDA or ZDA Max of one consolidation point in a ZDA Max distance of 90m/295ft reduced where total patch cord lengths > 10m, • Racks and Cabinets –Single Rack loaded with Blade Servers –30kW power • 10-30 seconds required for backup generators to start results in overheated electronics” • Industry experts Recommend Maximum 15-20kW per rack allows backup generators to start up without overheated electronics” Common Bonding Network: The set of metallic components that are intentionally or incidentally interconnected to provide the principal means for effecting bonding and grounding inside a telecommunications building. The IT industry and the world in general are changing at an exponential pace. 1. Each is a function of resilience and availability. There is still a lot of confusion around these standards and they still seem to be evolving, so I’m writing this article with the … Although a standard, tier system is provided as “informative and not considered to be requirements of this Standard”. Help with site layout also - Knowing the RLUs for power and cooling enable the data center manager to adjust the physical design, the power and cooling equipment, and rack configurations within the facility to meet the systems' requirements. Provide specific design criteria for designers build to a specific tier level and allows data center owners to evaluate their own design Comparison of the three Uptime method and Syska method , do not provide details needed to articulate the differences between levels. Jonathan Jew • 30+ years • 90+ data center projects The DCOI policy is designed to improve Federal data center … 1. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards. Services delivered to the rack location are specified in units of measure, such as watts or Btus, thus forming the term rack location unit The reality is that a computer room usually deploys a mix of varying RLU power densities throughout its overall area. This is the second installment of a 2-part series introducing international data center standards. The continuous reviews and updates help them remain relevant and offer valuable insight into a company’s commitment to security. The Orchestrated Data Center PowerPoint Template has a blue and gray theme with a black background. An equipotential grid significantly reduces potential differences, thus reducing current flow thereby eliminating the adverse affect on logic circuits SRG not required with modern IT equipment; The advent of Ethernet and fiber data interfaces have dramatically reduced the susceptibility of IT equipment to noise and transients, particularly when compared with the ground referenced IT interface technologies of 20 years ago. 2 Introduction This introduction is not part of Uptime Institute Data Center Site Infrastructure Tier Standard: Topology.It provides the reader with context for the application of the Standard. TIA 942 Established by a standards body TIA and recognized by ANSI TIA 942 tier system is based on Uptime Institute’s Tier Performance Standards. These components include: structural steel or reinforcing rods, metallic plumbing, ac power conduit, cable racks, and bonding conductors. 3. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. ): Maintenance The number one data center planning issue is - Heat Mitigation (cooling), The 5 areas of focus for today will be Data Center Spaces. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/d/data_center_tiers.htm A four tier system that provides a simple and effective means for identifying different data center site infrastructure design topologies. Data Centre Design Guideline and Standards Presented by Khan Muhammad Fuad Bin Enayet Assistant General Manager, Fiber@Home Limited. Purpose of the Standard This standard is intended to describe minimum requirements based on uptime, availability and security that UNM Data Center and Server Room facilities need to meet in order to guide managers of these facilities in appropriate safeguards for University and individual data and information. Too noisy Insufficient space To many servers to have individual consoles for each. ZDA cannot contain any cross connects or active equipment. All Time. 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